Individual and Collective Indicator in SAP PP


Individual and Collective Indicator in SAP PP

Understanding Individual and Collective Indicators in SAP PP

In Production Planning (PP) within SAP, the Individual and Collective Indicators play a crucial role in managing dependent material requirements. This blog post explores these indicators, how they differ, and their impact on the planning process.

What are Individual and Collective Indicators?

These indicators are found in the Material Master record, specifically in the MRP 4 view. They dictate how the system treats the dependent requirements generated for a particular component during Material Requirements Planning (MRP).

  • Individual Requirement (Indicator 1): This setting indicates that the material is planned and procured for a single sales order or project. A separate segment is created for each requirement, ensuring precise tracking and allocation.
  • Collective Requirement (Indicator 2): The material is planned and procured to fulfill various requirements, not tied to a specific sales order or project. Collective requirements are grouped, offering a more general planning approach.
  • Blank Indicator: Leaving this field blank allows the system to inherit the planning strategy from the higher-level assembly in the Bill of Materials (BOM). This provides flexibility based on the specific component’s role.

Choosing the Right Indicator

The selection of the Individual or Collective Indicator depends on your production environment and the nature of the component:

  • Make-to-Order (MTO) Scenarios: For components produced or explicitly procured for a customer order, the Individual Indicator (1) is preferred. This ensures dedicated material allocation and cost tracking for each sales order.
  • Make-to-Stock (MTS) Scenarios: In MTS environments where production anticipates generic demand, the Collective Indicator (2) or leave it blank might be suitable. This allows for grouped planning and reduces complexity.

Additional Considerations

  • Costing: Individual requirements can trigger cost flows as soon as an expense is incurred, whereas collective requirements might see cost flow only upon actual goods issue.
  • Control: The Individual Indicator offers greater control over material allocation for specific projects.
  • Complexity: Collective requirements simplify planning but might need more precision of individual tracking.


Understanding Individual and Collective Indicators is essential for optimizing your MRP process in SAP PP. By carefully choosing the appropriate setting for each component, you can ensure efficient material planning, accurate cost tracking, and improved production control.

You can find more information about SAP  PP  in this  SAP PP Link



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