Variance in SAP PP


Variance in SAP PP

Decoding Variances in SAP PP: Understanding Production Efficiency

In the world of production planning (PP) within SAP, variances are crucial for measuring performance and identifying areas for improvement. But what exactly are variances, and how can you use them to your advantage? This blog post will delve into SAP PP variances, explaining their types and causes and how to analyze them for better production efficiency.

What are Variances in SAP PP?

Variances are the differences between the actual costs incurred during production and the standard expenses predetermined in your SAP system. Standard costs are a benchmark, representing the ideal cost for producing a specific good. Variances can be favorable (positive), indicating production efficiency exceeding expectations, or unfavorable (negative), highlighting areas where costs are higher than planned.

Types of Variances in SAP PP:

SAP PP categorizes variances into two main groups:

  • Input Variances: These variances analyze the cost differences associated with materials used in production. Common types include:
    • Input Price Variance: The difference between the actual price paid for materials and the standard price.
    • Input Quantity Variance: Difference between the actual quantity of materials used and the standard quantity planned.
    • Input Substitution Variance: Occurs when a substitute material is used, causing a cost difference.
  • Output Variances: These variances focus on the cost differences in the finished product output. Common types include:
    • Output Price Variance: The difference between the actual selling price of the finished product and the standard price. (Less relevant for internal production)
    • Yield Variance: Difference between the actual number of suitable units produced and the standard quantity expected based on the planned input materials.

Understanding Variance Analysis:

Variance analysis is the process of investigating the root causes behind variances. You can identify inefficiencies in your production process by analyzing each variance type. Here are some potential causes for variances:

  • Price fluctuations: Material or labor costs might differ from planned due to market changes.
  • Production inefficiencies: Machine downtime, rework, or material waste can lead to unfavorable variances.
  • Inaccurate planning: Inaccurate standard costs or production forecasts can cause discrepancies.

Benefits of Variance Analysis:

Regular variance analysis offers several benefits for production managers:

  • Improved Cost Control: Identifying variances helps pinpoint areas where costs can be controlled and optimized.
  • Enhanced Production Efficiency: By understanding the causes of variances, you can implement corrective actions to improve production processes.
  • Better Decision Making: Variance analysis provides valuable insights for decision-making regarding production planning and resource allocation.


Variances in SAP PP are a powerful tool for production performance monitoring. By understanding different variance types, conducting thorough variance analysis, and taking corrective actions, you can optimize your production processes, reduce costs, and achieve greater efficiency in your SAP PP environment.

You can find more information about SAP  PP  in this  SAP PP Link



Unogeeks is the No.1 IT Training Institute for SAP  PP Training. Anyone Disagree? Please drop in a comment

You can check out our other latest blogs on  SAP  PP here – SAP PP Blogs

You can check out our Best In Class SAP PP Details here – SAP PP Training

 Follow & Connect with us:


For Training inquiries:

Call/Whatsapp: +91 73960 33555

Mail us at:

Our Website ➜

Follow us:






Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *