VDSK1 Feature In SAP HR


VDSK1 Feature In SAP HR

Understanding the VDSK1 Feature: Enhancing Organizational Control in SAP HR

In SAP Human Resources (HR), the VDSK1 feature plays a pivotal role in streamlining organizational management and fine-tuning security. This powerful feature enables HR administrators to precisely control the creation and validation of the ‘Organizational Key,’ a crucial element within Infotype 0001 (Organizational Assignment). Let’s delve into what VDSK1 is and how it empowers HR processes.

What is the Organizational Key?

The Organizational Key within Infotype 0001 is a unique identifier within the SAP HR system. This key typically reflects various aspects of an employee’s organizational assignment, such as company code, personnel area, department, or other structural elements. The Organizational Key serves a few vital purposes:

  • Enhanced Authorization: It enables fine-grained authorization controls, restricting specific HR administrators to manage employee data only within their assigned organizational scope.
  • Streamlined Reporting: The Organizational Key facilitates the generation of reports and analytics tailored to specific parts of an organization’s structure.

What is the VDSK1 Feature?

The VDSK1 feature is the mechanism within SAP HR that determines how an employee’s Organizational Key is generated and validated. This flexible feature allows HR administrators to establish custom rules that populate the organizational key using various fields from Infotype 0001.

How to Configure VDSK1

Here’s a simplified view of the configuration steps for VDSK1:

  1. Define Rules: Create rules (Rule ID) to specify which fields from Infotype 0001 should be included and their sequences and lengths within the Organizational Key.
  2. Control Mechanisms: Determine how the system should behave when assigning Organizational Keys. You can choose settings to issue warnings, errors, or automatically default values based on your defined rules.
  3. Validation: Establish validation rules to ensure the generated Organizational Keys adhere to your company’s standards or requirements.


Let’s illustrate with an example: Suppose you want the Organizational Key to be constructed using the following logic:

  • First two characters: Company Code
  • Following three characters: Personnel Area
  • Next five characters: Personnel Subarea

You would configure the VDSK1 feature accordingly, specifying the relevant Infotype 0001 fields and their positions within the Organizational Key.

Benefits of Using VDSK1

  • Granular Security: VDSK1 grants detailed control over access to employee data, ensuring HR personnel can only view and modify data within their authorized organizational areas.
  • Accurate Reporting: Tailored reporting and analytics have become more straightforward to generate with structured organizational keys.
  • Data Consistency: Validation within VDSK1 helps maintain data integrity and prevents the creation of incorrect or invalid Organizational Keys.
  • Reduced Manual Effort: Automating Organizational Key generation minimizes manual intervention and saves HR administrators valuable time.

Final Thoughts

The VDSK1 feature is an invaluable tool for HR administrators in the SAP ecosystem. By understanding and correctly configuring VDSK1, organizations can optimize their HR data management, enhance security, and ensure the smooth functioning of their HR processes.

You can find more information about  SAP  HR in this  SAP HR Link



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